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Japan Horsepower Agreement

As you may or may not know, automakers entered into a gentlemen`s agreement in Japan in 1989 to limit the power of their cars to 276 hp (280ps) … On paper. As a result, each car produced in Japan from 1989 to the break of the agreement in 2004-2005 was valued at 276 hp, but it is known that many of them actually produced more. In the case of the Nissan Skyline, one of the best-known undervalued cars of all time, the number of “276 hp” was given because we now call among Japanese automakers “gentlemen`s agreement” to keep power around the 1990s below 280 hp. In the automotive industry, Japanese manufacturers have agreed that no standard vehicle would have more than 276 hp (206 kW; 280 CH); The agreement ended in 2005. [6] German manufacturers limit the maximum speed of high-performance sedans (berlines) and breaks to 250 km/h. [7] [9] When the Suzuki Hayabusa motorcycle exceeded 310 km/h in 1999, fears of a European ban or regulatory intervention led Japanese and European manufacturers to limit to 300 km/h at the end of 1999[10] See list of the fastest series bikes. Doug DeMuro of Jalopnik is the proud owner of a Nissan R-32 GT-R, a car produced at the beginning of a gentlemen`s agreement between all Japanese automakers. This agreement was intended to limit all horses in standard cars to less than 300 because it was believed to make driving safer. In Germany, the Emissions of the Porsche 959 would be underestimated by 50 hp, as CarThrottle claims it is good for nearly 500 horsepower. More recently, the current BMW M5, the F10, has been valued at 560 hp, but would supposedly sneak closer to 600. On the west coast, an intense anti-Japanese atmosphere developed.

U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt did not want to anger Japan by passing laws banning Japanese immigration to the United States, as had happened with Chinese immigration. Instead, there was an informal “gentlemen`s agreement” (1907-1908) between the United States and Japan, in which Japan ensured that there was little or no movement in the United States. The agreements were concluded by U.S. Secretary of State Elihu Root and Japanese Secretary of State Tadasu Hayashi. The agreement banned the emigration of Japanese workers to the United States and repealed the order of segregation of the San Francisco School Board in California, which had humiliated and angered the Japanese. The agreement did not apply to the territory of Hawaii, which was then treated as separate and separate from the United States. The agreements remained in effect until 1924, when Congress banned all immigration from Japan.

[11] Similar anti-Japanese sentiments in Canada led simultaneously to Hayashi Lemieux`s agreement, also known as the Gentlemen`s Agreement of 1908, with substantially similar clauses and effects. [12] A car has less and less “wheels” of power than “braking force” because each component between the engine and the asphalt adds an additional towing layer. For this reason, verified dyno races offer a much more practical evaluation of a car`s performance than a manufacturer`s specifications. Two cars with the same braking power may have different power values, as the transmission, control, axles and wheels affect the figure. At the time, automakers had to ask themselves the same thing. Although the arriving vehicles were still carrying 280 hp, many, like the GT-R skyline, have already broken the rule – as Doug DeMuro of Jalopnik recently discovered, it actually produced about 320 hp. Gentlemen`s agreements were a widespread discriminatory tactic, supposed to be more frequent than restrictive alliances to maintain the homogeneity of upper-class neighborhoods and suburbs in the United States. [17] The nature of these agreements made it extremely difficult to prove or follow them, and they were long after the U.S. Supreme Court decisions in Shelley/.